map BrazilTraveling to Brazil? Keep these little tidbits of information handy to gain a unique perspective on this large South American country. Armchair traveler? These may help you win the next trivia night at your local bar!

  1. Brazil is both the 5th largest (area) and 5th most populous country in the world.
  2. It is the country with the most uncontacted peoples in the world – isolated peoples who live, whether by choice or circumstance, without significant contact with globalized civilization; the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes back in 2007.
  3. Brazil is the largest Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) country in the world, and the only one in the western hemisphere.
  4. Caipirinha is the national drink, made with cachaça (sugar cane rum), sugar and lime.
  5. It borders every country in all of South America, except for Chile and Ecuador.

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  6. It is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries – a country that harbors the majority of Earth’s species and is considered extremely biodiverse.
  7. Brazil covers 47% of the South American continent.
  8. Brazil was given to Portugal from Spain as part of the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. Pedro Álvares Cabral was the first person to officially claim Brazil for Portugal.
  9. The Brazilian population speaks or signs approximately 210 languages, of which 180 are indigenous. The official language, however, is Portuguese.
  10. Brazil has almost one-third of the world’s 300+ monkey species.
  11. Brazil has won the FIFA World Cup (futbol/soccer) 5 times, more than any other country.
  12. This country produces a quarter of the world’s coffee.
  13. São Paulo, with about 11.9 million people, is Brazil’s largest city and one of the world’s largest metropolises. UPDATED
  14. Tumucumaque National Park, created in 2002, is the world’s largest tropical forest park, located in the northern portion of the country.
  15. 48% (91+ million) of the population are predominantly of European origin, descendants of immigrants from Portugal, Italy, Spain, Germany and eastern Europe.
  16. Brazil’s homicide rate is 25 per 100,000 people, equivalent to being 5 times higher than the US crime rate.
  17. Brazil has a crowded prison system, but it’s now offering its inmates a unique way to reduce their sentence: each prisoner who reads a book and writes a report on it can reduce their time by 4 days per book, up to 48 days reduced per year. (Telegraph UK)
  18. Jardim Gramacho, once the world’s largest landfill, was about the size of about 247 football fields and collected garbage from 7 neighboring countries. It has closed since June of 2012.
  19. The longest traffic jam in the world occurred on November 15, 2013, according to Companhia de Engenharia de Tráfego, the city’s traffic management agency; it calculated a 309 km (192 mile) jam around the city that evening. Traffic jams cost the city of São Paulo over $2.3 billion each year. UPDATED
  20. Over the 20th century, Brazil had a cumulative inflation rate of more than a quadrillion percent. (Wash Post)
  21. Praia do Cassino (lit. Casino Beach), at 245 km (152 miles) in length, is considered the world’s longest beach.
  22. The Estádio do Maracanã (Maracanã Stadium) in Rio de Janeiro had the world’s largest attendance in an enclosed stadium, at the final game of the 1950 FIFA World Cup – 199,854, though the stadium is only supposed to accommodate 78,838 spectators.
  23. Carnival is the most famous holiday in Brazil, and takes place 46 days before Easter. 80% of the annual consumption of beer and 70% of the annual foreign visitors come during this time.
  24. Spanning 4,772 km (2,965 miles) from north to south, Brazil earns the honor of being the longest country in the world (north to south).
  25. Voting in the elections is compulsory in Brazil; everyone between the ages of 18 and 65 has to vote by law.
  26. Rio de Janeiro was once the capital of the Portuguese monarchy, making it the only European capital outside of Europe; for 6 years, from 1815 to 1821, Rio was the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.
  27. Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world, with over 8,000, behind the United States, which has over 15,000.
  28. Though there is no official religion in Brazil, more than 75% of Brazilians are Roman Catholics.
  29. Brazil has the 10th largest railroad network in the world.
  30. As of 2006, Brazil is 100% energy independent.
  31. Brazil is the most biodiverse country on the planet.
  32. 25% of the world’s rain forests are located within the country.
  33. Liberdade, a district of São Paulo, is the largest Japantown in the world, home to the largest Japanese community outside of Japan.
  34. Officially, the legal drinking age in Brazil is 18, but it’s not enforced strongly.
  35. Lining the coasts of South America are trees with the scientific name Caesalpinia echinata; when the Portuguese first landed in what would later be known as Brazil, they named these trees pau-brasil (pau for “stick,” brasil for “emberlike”). The country’s name later came from this tree, not the other way around.
  36. The national day of Brazil is celebrated on September 7th each year as Independence Day. Brazil gained independence from Portugal on the 7th of September in 1822.


  1. Brazil is the longest country in the world, spanning 4,395 kilometers (2,731 mi) from north to south.

    The highest temperature ever recorded in Brazil was 44.7 °C (112.4 °F) and the lowest was -14 °C (7 °F).

    Brazil was the only colony in the world which have become the kingdom.

    The largest free concert attendance in the world was held in Brazil, when Rod Stwart played in
    front on 4.2 million people on Copacabana beach in Rio. The largest paying audience for a single artist
    was also in Brazil, when Paul McCartney played for 184.000 people in the Maracanã Stadium.

    The word ‘brazil’ means red like ember.

    Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world and the third largest roadways.

    Brazil was the 4th country in the world to abolish death penalty (1876) and the 3rd to decriminalized
    homossexuality (1830).

    Brazil has the world’s largest urban forest, located in Rio.

    There are more Italians in São Paulo then in Rome, and Brazil has the largest Italian community in the world.

    The highest point in Brazil is around 3000 metres (9842 ft) high.

    Italian and German is also spoken in some areas of Brazil.

    Brazil has the most number of species of mammals, plants and fresh water fish in the world.
    Brazil also has the highest number of monkey species on the planet.

    Brazil has the largest river in the world in water volume and the largest river island on the planet.

    Brazil has 4 time zones.

    Brazil has the oldest operating electric tramway in the world, located in Rio.

    Brazil is the 4th country with most vegetarians.

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