Demonym endings

You’re going to La Paz, Bolivia. As you tell your friends and family about this upcoming trip, you get caught when you start to describe the people of La Paz. Sure, you could call them the “people of La Paz” each time, but that seems like a lot of work, and it shows that you haven’t done any research. There are many times when you might already be familiar with the adjectival term for the people of a city or country or region, or you may be able to deduce it fairly easily, adding an “-er” or “-ian” suffix to the name. However, it may not work in all cases (like Dutch for people of the Netherlands), so get to know the demonyms!

A demonym is the adjectival word that describes the people of the place in question. A person from New York, such as myself, is a New Yorker; a person from Bolivia can be called a Bolivian. But, like I just said, it doesn’t work in all cases. The term for the people of La Paz, Bolivia, is a Paceño. See? Hard to reason that one out. 

The internet makes it a breeze to figure out demonyms. Wikipedia is a good source; simply go to the city or country of which demonym you are wondering about, and they should have it on the right-hand side, within the shaded info box (if one exists).

To get you started, here’s a list of demonyms for every country, along with some colloquial terms for them.

CountryDemonym (Colloquial in Paren.)
AbkhaziaAbkhazians
AfghanistanAfghans
AlbaniaAlbanians
AlgeriaAlgerians
American SamoaAmerican Samoans
AndorraAndorrans
AngolaAngolans
AnguillaAnguillans
Antigua and BarbudaAntiguans, Barbudans
ArgentinaArgentines, Argentineans, Argentinians
ArmeniaArmenians
ArubaArubans
AustraliaAustralians (Aussies)
AustriaAustrians
AzerbaijanAzerbaijanis, Azeris
BahamasBahamians
BahrainBahrainis
BangladeshBangladeshis
BarbadosBarbadians (Bajans)
BelarusBelarusians
BelgiumBelgians
BelizeBelizeans
BeninBeninese, Beninois
BermudaBermudians, Bermudans
BhutanBhutanese
BoliviaBolivians
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnians, Bosniaks, Herzegovinians
BotswanaBatswana, Botswanans
BrazilBrazilians
British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islanders
BruneiBruneians
BulgariaBulgarians
Burkina FasoBurkinabè/Burkinabé
BurmaBamar, Burmese
BurundiBurundians
CambodiaCambodians
CameroonCameroonians
CanadaCanadians (Canucks)
Cape VerdeCape Verdeans
Cayman IslandsCaymanians
Central African RepublicCentral Africans
ChadChadians
ChileChileans
China, P. RepChinese
Christmas IslandChristmas Islanders
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islanders
ColombiaColombians
ComorosComorians
Dem. Republic of the CongoCongolese
Republic of the CongoCongolese
Cook IslandsCook Islanders
Costa RicaCosta Ricans (Ticos)
Côte d'IvoireIvorians
CroatiaCroatians, Croats
CubaCubans
CyprusCypriots
Czech RepublicCzechs
DenmarkDanes
DjiboutiDjiboutians
DominicaDominicans
Dominican RepublicDominicanse (Quisqueyanos)
East TimorTimorese (Maubere)
EcuadorEcuadorians
EgyptEgyptians
El SalvadorSalvadorans
EnglandEnglish
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guineans, Equatoguineans
EritreaEritreans
EstoniaEstonians
EthiopiaEthiopians
Falkland IslandsFalkland Islanders (Belongers)
Faroe IslandsFaroese
FijiFijians
FinlandFinns
FranceFrench (or Frenchman/Frenchwoman)
French GuianaFrench Guianese
French PolynesiaFrench Polynesians, Tahitians
GabonGabonese
GambiaGambians
GeorgiaGeorgians
GermanyGermans
GhanaGhanaians
GibraltarGibraltarians (Llanitos)
Great BritainBritons, Brit
GreeceGreeks, Grecians, Hellenes
GreenlandGreenlanders
GrenadaGrenadians
GuadeloupeGuadeloupians
GuamGuamanians
GuatemalaGuatemalans
GuineaGuineans
Guinea-BissauGuineans
GuyanaGuyanese
HaitiHaitians (Ayisyen)
HondurasHondurans (Catrachos)
Hong KongHongkongers, Hongkongese
HungaryHungarians, Magyars
IcelandIcelanders
IndiaIndians
IndonesiaIndonesians
IranIranians, Persians
IraqIraqis
IrelandIrish
Isle of ManManx
IsraelIsraelis
ItalyItalians, Italics
JamaicaJamaicans
JapanJapanese
JordanJordanians
KazakhstanKazakhstanis, Kazakhs
KenyaKenyans
KiribatiI-Kiribati
North KoreaKoreans
South KoreaKoreans
KosovoKosovars
KuwaitKuwaitis
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanis, Kyrgyz, Kirgiz, Kirghiz
LaosLaotians, Laos
LatviaLatvians, Letts
LebanonLebanese
LesothoMosotho {sing.}, Basotho {pl.}
LiberiaLiberians
LibyaLibyans
LiechtensteinLiechtensteiners
LithuaniaLithuanians
LuxembourgLuxembourgers
MacauMacanese, Chinese
Republic of MacedoniaMacedonians
MadagascarMalagasy
MalawiMalawians
MalaysiaMalaysians
MaldivesMaldivians
MaliMalians
MaltaMaltese
Marshall IslandsMarshallese
MartiniqueMartiniquais
MauritaniaMauritanians
MauritiusMauritians
MayotteMahorais
MexicoMexicans
MicronesiaMicronesians
MoldovaMoldovans
MonacoMonégasques, Monacans
MongoliaMongolians, Mongols
MontenegroMontenegrins
MontserratMontserratians
MoroccoMoroccans
MozambiqueMozambicans
NamibiaNamibians
NauruNauruans
NepalNepalese
NetherlandsDutch
New CaledoniaNew Caledonians
New ZealandNew Zealanders (Kiwis)
NicaraguaNicaraguans
NiueNiueans
NigerNigeriens
NigeriaNigerians
NorwayNorwegians
Northern IrelandBritish, Irish, Northern Irish
Northern MarianasNorthern Marianans
OmanOmanis
PakistanPakistanis
PalestinePalestinians
PalauPalauans
PanamaPanamanians
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineans, Papuans
ParaguayParaguayans
PeruPeruvians
PhilippinesFilipinos, Filipinas (Pinoys)
Pitcairn IslandPitcairn Islanders
PolandPoles
PortugalPortuguese
Puerto RicoPuerto Ricans, Boricuas
QatarQataris
Republic of IrelandIrish, Southern Irish
RéunionRéunionese, Réunionnais
RomaniaRomanians
RussiaRussians
RwandaRwandans
St. HelenaSt. Helenians
St. Kitts and NevisKittitians, Nevisians
St. LuciaSt. Lucians
Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierrais, Miquelonnais
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesSt. Vincentians, Vincentians
SamoaSamoans
San MarinoSammarinese
São Tomé and PríncipeSão Toméans
Saudi ArabiaSaudis, Saudi Arabians
ScotlandScots, Scotsmen
SenegalSenegalese
SerbiaSerbians, Serbs
SeychellesSeychellois
Sierra LeoneSierra Leoneans
SingaporeSingaporeans
SlovakiaSlovaks
SloveniaSlovenians, Slovenes
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islanders
SomaliaSomalis; Somalians
South AfricaSouth Africans
South OssetiaSouth Ossetians
South SudanSouth Sudanese
SpainSpaniards
Sri LankaSri Lankans
SudanSudanese
SurinamSurinamers
SwazilandSwazis
SwedenSwedes
SwitzerlandSwiss
SyriaSyrians
TaiwanTaiwanese
TajikistanTajikistanis, Tajiks
TanzaniaTanzanians
ThailandThai
TogoTogolese
TongaTongans
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidadians, Tobagonians (Trinis, Trinibagonians)
TunisiaTunisians
TurkeyTurks
TurkmenistanTurkmens
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islanders
TuvaluTuvaluans
UgandaUgandans
UkraineUkrainians
United Arab EmiratesEmiratis, Emirians
United KingdomBritons, Brit
United StatesAmericans
UruguayUruguayans
UzbekistanUzbekistanis, Uzbeks
VanuatuNi-Vanuatu
VenezuelaVenezuelans
VietnamVietnamese
Virgin IslandsVirgin Islanders
WalesWelsh
Wallis and FutunaWallisians, Futunans
Western SaharaSahrawis, Sahraouis
YemenYemenis
ZambiaZambians
ZimbabweZimbabweans

Think you understand these various country demonyms? Take our World Demonyms (Countries) Quiz and find out!

2 COMMENTS

  1. The word “paceño” for those from La Paz makes sense, because “La Paz” means (the) peace, and -eño is a common Spanish demonym ending, therefore: paceño is derived from “Paz”

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