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Wenceslas Square is one of the most popular and busiest boulevards in Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic.
In the photo above, you can see the two most prominent structures that are located within the Wenceslas Square – the Czech National Museum and the Statue of St. Wenceslas. Wenceslas Square is located in the Nové Město (the New Town). Aside from the famous museum and statue, Wenceslas Square is an important shopping and business district in Prague.
The Národní muzeum (National Museum) was founded 1818 in Prague by Kašpar Maria Šternberg and designed by Josef Schulz. It contains numerous collections spanning many fields, including paleontology, entomology, zoology, anthropology, and archeology.
The Statue of St. Wenceslas was sculpted by Josef Václav Myslbek. St. Wenceslas was a Czech King who ruled over Prague in the 10th century. Legend has it that he was killed by the mercenaries sent by his brother, Boleslav, as he was trekking to a religious service one morning. He represents national Czech continuity and nationhood and he is celebrated every year on the 27th September. The Wenceslas brothers, Vaclav (the saint depicted in the statue) and his brother Boleslav, are the Czech versions of Cain and Abel /good and evil from the Bible.