Cologne (Köln), Germany

Alter Markt
Alter Markt (Old Market) in Kölner Altstadt (Cologne’s Old Town), taken from the tower of Kölner Domes (Cologne Cathedral) by Wikimedia Commons user Thomas Robbin.

Population: 1,034,175 (2014)

Language(s): German

Area: 405 km2 (156 mi2)

Dialing Code: +49

Electricity Adapter: 230 V, 50 Hz, Plug/Soket Types: C / F

Time Zone: Central European Time (UTC+1); Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

City facts put together in collaboration with sister site 6pt5. Language guides and more can be found on Shishek.


Cologne, or Köln in German, is Germany’s 4th largest city, located in the eastern-central part of the country with just over one million inhabitants. The city, situated in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia, has history and architecture that is rivaled by few other cities in the world. Like many great European cities, Cologne straddles a river – the Rhine.

The city has a vibrant art scene, with many world-renowned institutions such as the Museum Ludwig, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Schnütgen Museum, and the Domschatzkammer. An architecture buff would appreciate Cologne’s beautiful buildings, ranging from medieval gothic-style to modern and contemporary. The Dom, or the Cologne Cathedral, is probably the most famous attraction in this city, architectural or otherwise, though there are many that are just as striking. The Dom has the record for having the world’s biggest church facade.

A beer enthusiast would also love Köln for its numerous beer halls and gardens, the most per-capita in all of Germany, and that is saying a lot. Kölsch is a local beer specialty that is brewed in Cologne, unique from other German beers. The Altstadt is a great place to sample this local treat.

The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) is one of Europe’s oldest and largest universities.

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