History & Timeline of Italy

Historical Overview & Timeline of Key Events

Updated: 5 September 2016.

Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.

79 CE

Mt. Vesuvius Erupts

476

Flavius Odoacer Becomes First King of Italy

774

Charlemagne Becomes King of Lombards

14th through 16th Centuries

Italian Renaissance

1809

Napoleon Occupies Rome

Napoleon occupies Rome, exiles the Pope Pius VII, seizes the Papal art collections for the Louvre in Paris.

1915

Italy Joins Allies During World War I

1922

Mussolini Forms Government

1929

Lateran Treaty Creates Vatican City

1935

Italy Invades Ethiopia

Subsequently banned from League of Nations.

1936

Mussolini Creates Rome-Berlin Axis with Nazi Germany

1939

Albania is Occupied

1940

Italian Start of WWII

Italy invades Greece from occupied Albania.

1946, Jun 10

Italian Republic is Formed

1955

Italy Joins United Nations

1957

Italy is Founding Member of EEC

The European Economic Community is the European Union predecessor.

1960

Summer Olympics in Rome

1999

Italy Accepted into Eurozone

2002

Italy Begins Using the Euro

The Euro replaces the lira.

Italy Flag

Key Cities & Regions

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