History & Timeline of Latvia

Historical Overview & Timeline of Key Events

Updated: 5 September 2016.

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Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped the country; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first.

1918, Nov 18

Latvian National Council proclaims Latvia an independent nation.


New Constitution


PM Ulmanis Seizes Power

Prime Minister Kārlis Ulmanis, in a coup d’état, seizes absolute power.


Latvia Forced to Join Soviet Union


Nazis Invade


First Anti-Soviet Demonstrations

1990, May 4

Latvia Proclaims Independence from USSR


Soviet Union Recognizes Latvian Independence

2004, April 2

Latvia Joins NATO

2004, May 1

Latvia Joins European Union

2014, Jan 1

Latvia Begins Using Euro

Latvia Flag

Key Cities & Regions

Rīga Jūrmala

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