Key Information & Facts of Latvia

General Points to Know and Traveler's Information for Visiting

Updated: 5 September 2016.

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General Info

Riga (Rīga)

is the capital and largest city.


is the population (2014 estimate).


km2 (24,938 mi2) is its area.

Eastern European Time (UTC +2)

is the country’s time zone. Summer time is Eastern European Summer Time (UTC +3).

Euro (€) (EUR)

is the national currency. Its sub-unit is called the cent. 100 cents = 1 euro.


is the main language spoken. There is also a large Russian-speaking minority.


is the script used with the Latvian alphabet and language.


is the country’s calling (dialing) code.


is the demonym for the people of this country. Don’t know what that is, or want to learn more?Read more about demonyms via this article »


is the endonym for the country, the name that the locals call their country, in their own language.


is the country’s 2-digit ISO country code.

For the Travelers


is the side of the road they drive on.

Types C & F

is the country’s electricity adapter types, 230 V, 50 Hz, as defined by the IEC.Learn more about the different plug and socket types »


is the smoking age.


is the drinking age.


is the age of consent.


is the general emergency number. 110 (police), 113 (ambulance), and 114 (gas emergency) also work.

Do I Need A Visa?

Find out the requirements over at VisaHQ » (aff. link)

Government & Identity

Raimonds Vējonis

is the president.

Parliamentary Republic

is the country’s form/structure of government.

Māris Kučinskis

is the prime minister.

Tēvzemei un Brīvībai

is the country’s national motto (“Fatherland and Freedom”), though it doesn’t seem to be official.


is the country’s legislating body.

'Dievs, svētī Latviju!'

is the country’s national anthem (“God Bless Latvia”).
Latvia Flag

Key Cities & Regions

Rīga Jūrmala

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