Key Information & Facts of Turkey

General Points to Know and Traveler's Information for Visiting

Updated: 10 January 2016.

General Info


is the capital city.


is the largest city.

Turkish Lira (TRY) (₺)

is the currency. Its sub-unit is the kuruş (1/100).


is the population (2015 census).

Eastern European Time (UTC+2) (EEC)

is the time zone.


is the main language.


km2 (302,535 mi2) is its area.


is the country’s 2-digit ISO country code.


is the country’s calling (dialing) code.

Latin with the Turkish Alphabet

is the alphabet/script used in the Turkish language.


is the endonym for the country, the name that the locals call their country, in their own language.

'Turkish' (or 'Turk')

is the demonym for the people of this country. Don’t know what that is, or want to learn more?Read more about demonyms via this article »

For the Travelers


is the side of the road they drive on.

Types C & F

is the country’s electricity adapter types, 230 V, 50 Hz, as defined by the IEC.Learn more about the different plug and socket types »


is the drinking age (sales not allowed at nights, between 22:00 and 6:00).


is the age of consent (Art. 11m Turkish Civil Code).


seems to be the smoking age.


is the general emergency number.

Do I Need A Visa?

Find out the requirements over at VisaHQ » (aff. link)

Government & Identity

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

is the president (pronounce that ğ like an h).

Ahmet Davutoğlu

is the prime minister.

Constitutional Republic

is the country’s form/structure of government.

Grand National Assembly

is the country’s legislating body.

'İstiklal Marşı'

is the country’s national anthem (“Independence March”).
Turkey Flag

Key Cities & Regions

More coming soon.

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