The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Wales is bordered by England to its south and west, and the Irish Sea to its east, across which sits Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Wales is arguably the most unknown of the United Kingdom’s states. Full of mountains and valleys, as well as quite a long expanse of coastline, Wales offers plenty for the outdoorsy enthusiast. It is also quite an old land, with castles and other sites and monuments dating all the way back to the Roman times; with so many castles, it is nicknamed the “castle capital of Europe.”
Wales offers a unique sightseeing experience with its network of steam-engine trains. These narrow-gauge trains cut through the mountains and along the sea to provide a wonderful perspective of the land.
Cardiff is the capital and largest city of Wales. The city itself offers many items of interest, from the gargoyles on the Cardiff Castle to many world-class museums. End the day with pleasure in one of the numerous bars along the waterfront at Cardiff Bay.